403 forbidden is an error that is faced by people when they do not have permission to access that specific resource or website. It is an HTTP status code that you might see when the server understands the request you is making but cannot allow you further access. There are tons of errors that people experience when they get on different websites.
You can get this error when you try to visit an empty website directory or a certain page that has a permission error. If you are using a search engine and face this error, then it is fine. But things get changed when you have this error on your website. Because once you are facing this, then you can lose a lot of reaches.
That is because no one will be able to get on your website. You will not be able to serve the new clients; besides that, your older visitors will also not be able to open your website. This can be a big problem for them, so below. We will discover the causes of this error and the procedure for how you can fix this problem.
What is a 403 forbidden error?
403 is the standard response code. When some errors happen, then you will get some codes on the screen. Those codes are used to know that due to which cause this error has appeared. By reading the code, the visitors can understand that’s why the website is not working.
But when we talk about 403 errors, then the clients will get a lot of variations in the name of the error. The variations are distinct, and some of them might not even contain the code of 403. So how will the clients be able to find if it is a 403 error? Here you can get each and every name that is used for the 403 error.
- Forbidden: You don’t have permission to access [directory] on this server
- HTTP Error 403 – Forbidden
- Error 403 – Forbidden
- 403 forbidden requests forbidden by administrative rules
- 403 Forbidden
- Access Denied – You don’t have permission to access
- Error 403
- HTTP 403
These are the name that you might face when there is a 403 error. You can see some of them do not contain the code, but you can identify them once you know the above-provided information.
Causes of getting a 403 error
The error is caused when there is access misconfiguration from the side of the client. That means the clients can resolve the problem on their own. But this is not the only cause of this error. The second one is the most common cause that is related to the folder and file permission setting.
There are many other causes that can trigger errors. Those are: missing index, faulty wordpress plugin, wrong IP address, malware infection, and new web page link are some of the causes that can trigger this error. Now we will move forward to the steps through which you can fix this problem.
Methods to fix the 403 error
403 forbidden error is entirely related to the file permission. So we will see the steps through which we can solve.
- Check .htaccess file
There are lots of people who are not familiar with the .htaccess files because it is actually hidden. But you can see it as a public_html directory by default if you use hosting file manager. Follow these easy steps and locate the file.
- Go on the dashboard of hPanel and search for file manager.
- Please open it and get on the public_html directory to find the .htaccess file.
You will get this file on every website by default, but if your website does not have it or the file was there but get deleted, then you can create the file on your own. You can download the website by making a right-click on it. Then the website gets backed up; then, you can delete the file and access the file. If you are getting access, then you will understand that the error was only because the .htaccess file was corrupted. Then you can save the changes, and you are done.
- Reset file and directory permission
This is the method in which we will see to fix the error that was caused by incorrect permission of files and folders. When the files are generated, they have particular default file permission that can control your website’s reading, writing, and execution. Here you can take the help of an FTP client because they can let you edit the file and folder permission. Here are the steps you need to follow.
- Configure an FTP client and try to connect it with your website.
- Make a right-click on public_html and select the file attributes.
- Then go to the numeric value field and enter permission 755. Then select apply to directories and press ok.
- Now the person has to repeat points 2 and 3, but as earlier we mentioned 755, we will enter 644 in the section of numeric value. Then click on the Apply to files only option.
Now, if you are done with this, you can check whether your website is working or not and the error of 403 forbidden is solved or not. The number that was entered above, which is 755, is for folders. The number 644 is for static content. Finally, there is one more number that is used for the dynamic content that is 700.
These are the two methods that can help you to recover the 403 error. You can access your website just by following the above points as they can let you access your website once again even after the 403 error. Make sure you are following the steps in the given manner. That is because if you are rearranging the steps, then you will not be able to use the website again. However, the steps are highly effective, and you will surely get access to your website.